It is an outdoor activity, a way of temporarily settling in and staying in nature, usually inside a tent and with the help of a sleeping bag.
The overnight stay in the natural environment takes place for reasons of recreation and contact with nature. The camp, depending on whether it takes place in a space specially designed for this purpose or not, is divided into:
- Organized camping
- Free camping
- Children's camps
Organized camping: It takes place in a specially designed area also known as camping. Such places can provide from absolutely basic facilities to the camper (water, electricity, toilets) to services of a typical hotel (shops, nightlife, etc.)
Free camping: Campers usually spend the night in places of rich natural beauty. (beaches, plateaus, river banks). Free camping offers better opportunities for contact with nature or if the camper so desires, seclusion, but it has more difficulties, as campers have to take care of everything themselves during their stay.
Children's camps are a special camp category that concerns children aged 5 - 16 years. Their purpose is to keep the children busy during the summer months with sports, entertainment, and educational activities. Their main goal is the socialization of children and the creation of a pleasant environment for them during the summer. The camps are divided into 2 categories: The private and the public.
There is also the survival camp and the labor camp which are forms of either organized or free camping.
Survival camp: Performed for the purpose of practicing in adverse survival conditions. Such conditions may include extreme weather events, morphologically inaccessible areas, or a combination of both. Basic skills practiced by survivors are finding food and water in the natural environment, dealing with medical emergencies, and orientation.
Work camping: ('workamping'). The campers work in a camping area and, instead of a salary, they are given the opportunity to camp for free and in some cases, additional financial assistance and/or free food.
Finally, camping can be combined with hiking and a backpack and is often enjoyed in combination with other outdoor activities such as canoeing, mountaineering, fishing, and hunting.